### UNDERGRADUATE STUDY OF PHYSICS

Title of the study: Undergraduate Study of Physics

Study holder: Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek

Performer of the study programme: The Department of Physics

Duration of the study: Three years (6 semesters)

ECTS credits: The proposed undergraduate study programme proposes a minimum of 180 ECTS credits.

##### ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS

Candidates, who have completed a four-year secondary school and passed the final state examination according to current conditions and procedures and in accordance with the Law, can enroll in the Undergraduate Study of Physics.

##### LEARNING OUTCOMES

Upon completion of the proposed study programe the candidate will develop following competencies:

###### PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES

- The ability to formulate and to construct basic equations and their use in solving problems, explaining natural phenomena and principles of work of selected devices and instruments.
- The performance of laboratory work in the context of applied physical laws and the evaluation of causal relationships with the given contents.
- The practical application of concepts and mathematical formulation of physical laws in understanding of physical phenomena in nature, as well as solving simple tasks.
- Handling of measuring instruments and devices (assembling electronic chart, compiling experiments to verify certain physical laws).
- The application of acquired knowledge in the field of ICT in the process of researching and solving practical tasks.
- The application of the principles and methods of programming in solving tasks by using specific programming languages.

###### GENERAL COMPETENCIES

- Development of written and oral communication skills and professional expression when writing reports and public appearances.
- Applying of the acquired knowledge in the treated areas; the self-expanding of knowledge.
- Working in teams and respecting other people’s opinions addressing the terms of reference.
- Behaving in accordance with the conducting rules in the laboratory and in accordance with the general rules of safety.
- Understanding the impact of physics and computer science in the development of science and technology.
- Gaining critical and self-critical reasoning in applying new technologies with regard to sustainable development.

##### LEARNING OUTCOMES

Upon completion of the proposed study program the candidate will be able:

- To apply the scientific method and concepts of classical physics to solve various numerical and/or conceptual problems.
- To accurately perform measurements, tabulate and graphically display the results. Statistically process and interpret the results in the context of the application of physical laws and the evaluation of cause-and-effect relationships with given contents.
- To apply the laws of mechanics to the motions of a idealized particle and a system of idealized particles in the context of Newton’s and Hamilton-Lagrange’s formulation of mechanics. Understand Einstein’s postulates of STR and relate them to the space-time and mass-energy relationships.
- To define the basic concepts of electrostatics, electric current and magnetism and express the basic laws of electromagnetism. Express Maxwell’s equations and understand their significance in developing the theory of electromagnetism.
- To derive and describe harmonic oscillation. Define the basic properties of waves (mechanical, sound, electromagnetic) and describe wave phenomena (reflection, refraction, scattering, interference, diffraction and polarization).
- To analyze and apply the laws of electromagnetism to the propagation of light. To understand the principle of image formation in optical instruments.
- To describe the kinetic theory of ideal gas. Express and apply the laws of thermodynamics to thermodynamic systems. Connect Boltzmann and Clausius definition of entropy. Formulate the postulates of classical statistical physics.
- To apply the scientific method and concepts of modern physics (statistical physics, condensed matter physics, quantum mechanics) on solving various numerical and/or conceptual problems.
- To describe Bohr model of atom, to understand the wave-particle duality of matter and its probabilistic description, to apply Schrödinger’s equation and Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. Formulate the postulates of quantum statistical physics for bosons and fermions.
- To describe the properties of condensed matter (acoustic, electrical, thermal, magnetic, structural). To understand the phenomena of superconductivity, superfluidity and semiconductor properties of materials.
- To describe the basic concepts of astronomy and define units for measuring astronomical distances, describe physical processes in the Sun, describe the development of stars and understand the H-R diagram, describe the expansion of the universe and Hubble’s law.
- To define, describe and evaluate the basic concepts of data analysis and data processing, programming, computer architecture, databases, algorithms and data structures.
- To apply methods of mathematical analysis (differential and integral calculus of real and complex functions of one and several variables) to solve simple problems. Get acquainted with the properties of some special functions.
- To apply a matrix calculus, describe the properties of linear operators and construct their matrix representations, solve a system of linear algebraic equations, describe the properties of vector spaces.
- To express the operators of gradient, divergence, curl and Laplacian in Cartesian, cylindrical and spherical coordinate systems, to derive the Gauss and Stokes theorems and apply them to the solution of physical problems.
- To solve differential equations by different methods. To apply calculus of variations in the context of the principle of extremes (such as Fermat, maximum entropy or least action principle).
- To explain the concept of probability by applying combinatorial analysis. To calculate the probability distributions for discrete and probability densities for continuous random variables. To test hypotheses.
- To actively, in speech and writing, communicate in foreign (English, German) language on different topics of physics, mathematics and computer science.
- To adopt new and to apply acquired motor skills in everyday life. To promote exercise and sports culture.

##### POSSIBILITIES OF CONTINUING THE STUDY

Bachelors can continue their studies at the teaching Graduate Study of Physics and Computer Science at the Department of Physics, University of Osijek, or some other graduate programme in the Republic of Croatia after passing necessary exams.

##### PROFESSIONAL OR ACADEMIC TITLE AWARDED UPON COMPLETION OF STUDIES

Bachelor of Physics